The MI DNR recently stocked Mona Lake with over a thousand young Great Lakes Spotted Musky as part of the Native Species Restoration program. The fish will reach legal, 42 inch size in four years. The DNR intends to do four more stockings to establish a healthy population. The musky will eat the shad, carp, goby and alewives creating more room for native perch, bluegill and walleye.
This project entails the construction of a 102-acre flow-through filter marsh designed to restore hydrologic function in Black Creek. It will provide flood storage and capture both phosphorus and sediment loading from 20 square miles of upstream agricultural runoff. The culmination of several county drains will be diverted into the proposed marsh. Storm water runoff will be treated by the marsh before discharge into Black Creek.
This project was the highest priority strategy outlined in the Mona Lake Watershed Council’s Watershed Management Plan. The marsh is expected to reduce sediment loading in Black Creek by 6 tons per year and phosphorus loading by 1,005 pounds per year. The site is located on Muskegon County Wastewater Management System property.
Annis Water Resources Institute - Phase 1 Black Creek Project (1.1 MB)
When the Annis Water Resources Institute conducted a study on the Mona Lake Muck Fields, aka, the “celery flats” (see map) we expected alarming news because we could see massive algae blooms oozing into Black Creek just upstream from Mona Lake (see photo). The analytical results were worse than expected. The graph right is from Dr. Steinman's presentation addressing the study. It depicts total phosphorus (TP) in the water column among area water bodies.
Note how much higher the Muck Field TP results are on the graph then Mona Lake TP levels. Phosphorus levels in the flats are astronomically higher than what is considered biologically healthy.
The muck fields are shallow ponds, with an average depth of 1-3 feet. They were wetlands converted to celery production in the early 1900s. When the pumps that kept the fields dry stopped, the area flooded, and the nutrient-rich soils became a feast for blue green algae. The wetland system that would normally keep phosphorus in check was disrupted over a century ago and it has not been able to rectify itself. Reclaiming the healthy function of this wetland system is a major priority in the Mona Lake Watershed Plan.
Download 2010 Report Here
Drinking Water Treatment Residuals to Control Phosphorus in Soils [PDF]
Drinking Water Treatment Residuals: A Review of Recent Uses [PDF]
Long-Term Phosphorus Immobilization by a Drinking Water Treatment Residual [PDF]
Managing Biosolids Runoff Phosphorus Using Buffer Strips Enhanced with Drinking Water Treatment Residuals [PDF]
Water Treatment Residuals (Hydrosolids) [PDF]
This project was led by two students, Joel Coston and Andrew Johnson, in Sara Busken's independent study ecology class. Through a grant we received from ERM Foundation, they coordinated the planning, design, and installation of a rain garden in the front of their school in an area that collects runoff from the circular driveway. The rain garden naturally treats the pollutants in the water, preventing them from entering the storm drain and nearby creek located to the east.
Planting date was April 15th, 2006.
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